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10. What regards His political labours we have treated of elsewhere, so that we shall confine ourselves here to those branches that more particularly regard our present design; He was possess'd of a great part of England, South Wales had submitted to him before; North Wales, Mercia & Northumberland paid Him homage, so that having no Enemy to disturb Him He was at leisure to improve his Country, & Cultivate the peaceful Arts. He first begun with repairing & adorning the Towns & Citys ^ [[addition]] [[underline]] many of [[/underline]] [[/addition]] which had been demolish'd by the incursions of the Danes; London was entirely ruin'd which Ethelred Earl of Mercia by the King's Orders rebuilt, & repeopl'd; for this purpose He gave great encouragement to all Foreign Artifiers, which produc'd a great resort of them from the Continent; Many Learned Men were also invited over some of whom He Settl'd at Oxford, & laid the foundation of that famous Semenary of Learning; not but what we read of Schools there before. When Alfred came to the Crown the English had entirely neglected Fortresses & Wall'd Towns; many of these He Surrounded with good Fortifications, & He is reckon'd to have built 50. Castles, besides those erected by His orders in Mercia