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1. The wealth of a Nation arises not only from the Number of the People, but from their Employment; therefore an enquiry into the employments most beneficial to the public good is of intimate consequence. All Professions must either absolutely or relatively depend on each other; and some are of general importance, as in a great measure the foundation of all the rest. Agriculture is beyond all doubt the foundation of every other art, business,, or profession, and as such every wise nation hath encouraged it to the utmost. This ought to flourish to the full cultivation of the land, before Manufactures take place as articles of Trade and Commerce; and those Manufactures ought to have the preference which work upon materials of our own growth; and last of all those which employ foreign materials. As Agriculture is the foundation which supports Manufactures, it ought to be examined whether it is at present arrived at that State of perfection which it is capable of; the answer is too obvious of 34.000.000. of Acres said to be in England, many millions are waste and unimproved. Some persons think, that as the greatest part of the wastes maintain Sheep, and consequently numbers of people in manufacturing the Wool, that they are of more utility to the Public than if they were turned into Arable Land; but it is certain that 1.000 Acres [[catchword]] of [[/catchword]]